Game time

In football, a match is divided into two periods which are called “half-time”. Each of them lasts 45 minutes. The referee decides according to the smooth running of the game or not to add minutes of additional time at the end of each half. Between the two periods, a break of 15 minutes is observed. Perfect to go for some refreshment during the second act.

The phrase we often hear: “The second half starts in a quarter of an hour, we have time to go recharge the stocks (water)! ”

Football rules


If during the knockout stage (ie the second round), two opponents fail to split in regulation time, the match starts again for two periods of 15 minutes. The opponent who is on the scoreboard at the end of the 120 minutes (90 + 30) wins the match. In case of a tie always at the end of extra time, the teams meet for the fateful penalty shoot-out. Extensions are the moments of the match where it is good to have an indulgence towards the players, under penalty of passing for someone cruel who does not take into account the extreme fatigue of the actors. Similarly, do not shout victory in case of goal, classic extensions continue in effect whatever happens (contrary to extensions in golden goal removed in 2004.

The phrase we often hear: “There, they are all cremated, it will be played to the mind. ”

Shoot to the net

If the extra time has not determined a winner, then the two opponents meet for the final test, that of the penalty shootout, the same one that some do not dare to watch because of the pressure. Five fencers from each team find themselves, in this case, to face in turn the opposing goalkeeper. The team that converts the most shots to the goal wins the match. Note that, unlike Penalties, penalty shoot-out does not allow a player to pick up a possible ball pushed back by the goalkeeper to score in two stages. The presence of both teams in the center circle, far from the shooter and goalkeeper, makes the moment even more stressful.

The phrase we often hear: “There’s too much pressure, I’m going to have a heart attack! ”


When a team makes a mistake in its own area, it is sanctioned with a penalty. An opposing shooter will then stand alone against the goalkeeper and put the ball on the penalty spot, 11 meters from the goal line on which the goalkeeper must stay until the shot of the averse. He can not move towards the shooter.

The phrase we often hear: “He does not want to come even more seriously? ”


If an opponent sends the ball behind the goal line of his goalkeeper (but not in the goal, otherwise there is a goal against his side), this causes a corner, also called a “corner kick” because he is struck the angle formed by the goal line and that of touch. The corner is hit from the side where the ball came out. If doubt persists when looking for the place where the corners are, you are given a tip: look at the flags, they symbolize the 4 angles from which they can be struck.

The phrase we often hear: “There’s no corner, it’s the attacker who touches the ball last! ”

Free kick

When a foul is committed outside the penalty area, the referee grants a free-kick. The difference with a penalty is simple and advantageous for the goalkeeper: the latter can place several of his players between him and the batter to do what is called a “wall”. The players who make up the wall are 9.15 meters from the shooter and do NOT have to pretend to parade at the moment of the strike. Yes, even if the ball comes into the head. Or elsewhere.

The phrase we often hear: “It’s not at 9.15 meters the wall! ”


Each coach has, in addition to the 11 players on the field, a bench of substitutes to be able to make changes during the match. The causes of a change are often the same: fatigue, injury or insufficient level. The number of changes is limited to 3 per team, which means that a team with a player injured but having already made three changes will not be able to replace his player. Expellees cannot be replaced. A change has no nickname but has a distinctive gesture: a reel with the hands. That’s it, you know now what this strange gesture means.

The phrase we often hear: “What is he waiting for to change the coach? ”


After a foul, an altercation or for contestation too strong, the referee can brandish two types of cards, yellow or red. The latter is used only for fouls endangering the physical integrity of the opponent or for serious aggression towards the referee or an opponent (we love you, Zinedine). If the same player receives two yellow cards, the second is a red card and causes the eviction. The cardboard is nicknamed the “rusk” but cannot be eaten.

The phrase we often hear: “Where is the rusk gentleman the referee? ”



We calm down, we breathe a good blow, and we focus well. The offside is certainly the most complicated rule to understand in football and the one that also marginalizes the most when everyone shouts “Y’a offside, there’s offside! What is it? To judge an offside or not, two places are to look at the same time (sometimes complicated, it is granted): the smuggler AND the future receiver when the first named makes the pass. From the exact moment the ball starts from the smuggler’s foot, an imaginary line is drawn just behind the last defender. If the future receiver is behind the line at that moment, he is offside. Simple as hello, or almost.

The phrase we often hear: “There is no offside, they are on the same line! ”

Go back to the caretaker

If you see a goalkeeper does not take a pass at the foot of one of his teammates even under pressure, do not go crazy, it’s just that he does not have the right. In order for the goalkeeper to take back a ball that was last touched by a teammate, the transmission must be involuntary. For example, if a shot is deflected by a defender, the goalkeeper will be able to pick up the ball in his hand. Conversely, if you see the goalkeeper of your country take the ball in hand on a voluntary pass from the head of one of his partners, do not panic, it is allowed since part of the upper body.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here